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tv   DW News  PBS  December 23, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PST

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♪ >> live from berlin, this is dw news. the prime suspect in the berlin christmas architect is shot dead in italy. his death means finding answers to key questions in this case will be that much harder. topping a list of questions, did anis amri have accomplices who are now at large, or network behind him? how did he make it all the way from the line without being stopped -- from milan without being stopped? he pledged allegiance to the islamic state. the un security council demands
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israel stop building settlements on occupied palestinian land. israel's chess -- chief ally stands aside, letting the resolution passed. they call it shameful. ♪ >> i am brian thomas, a very warm welcome to the show. investigators in germany are focusing on a lot of questions right now. anis amri embarq on an odyssey through europe -- embarks on an odyssey through europe. he believed to cross into france after the attack, then into italy, this despite an international manhunt. he finally ran into police during a routine stop in milan. italian authorities did not even know he was in the country. reporter: outside milan train
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station, two people stop a man acting suspiciously at 3:30 in the morning. on his armory -- anis amri drew a gun when asked for his papers. a policeman was injured. the italian interior minister confirmed the dead man is the one whose dna was found in the cap of the truck involved in monday's attack berlin. >> according to our findings, we can state beyond the shadow of a doubt that the man shot dead is anis amri, the suspect of the berlin attack. reporter: amri was the most wanted man as he was identified of the chief -- as the chief suspect in one of the most popular christmas markets. the italian prime minister notified angela merkel immediately, and he praised the work of italian police.
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>> this development underscores how important it is to have tighter controls and different security forces working together. it shows us how vital it is to expand international cooperation. reporter: anis amri left tunisia for italy in 2011. on this island, he was reported for violent behavior. then he sent a refugee -- set a refugee center on fire and served a four years prison sentence. the italian government has called for continued vigilance, saying the threat of further attacks should not be underestimated. brian: before this attack, he pledged allegiance to the islamic state. that video was released by a news agency linked to i.s. for he was killed.
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this was a self video, recorded weeks ago on berlin's bridge, a short distance from where the truck used in the attack was stolen. in the video, he vows to take revenge for muslims killed in western airstrikes. joining us now in the studio is michelle booed to talk -- he is the president of the criminal investigators. thank you for being with us. the first question that comes up is about the case, the investigation moving forward. the suspect, amri, is dead now. he has been shot in milan. how much of a ship -- of a setback is that? michel: it is quite a setback, because usually we can question them, and from there we get more details, more information to concentrate or work on finding out who was helping them and how
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the organization works. brian: we were getting reports before went on the air that moroccan authorities had tipped off german spy agencies about amri's support for the islamic state. he was under surveillance. should that not have triggered a reaction from german police authorities after their mother blurted -- after they are alerted? michel: we have a strict law here. the information from intelligence services are not given directly to execute them with the police force. a.b. it wasn't information but was not allowed to give to the police forces. since i don't know the circumstances, i cannot tell you. brian: should the guidelines be changed? michel: it is a difficult queson if you look at the past of germany, especially with the
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secret service during the second world war. brian: communist and nazis michel:. the services were used and abused to gather information and give them to the police force, and they came to people and took them away. we don't want that again. brian: but then you wind up with a new security situation with jihadi's in the country, will this conversation start happening? michel: surely we have to discuss it, but maybe there can be other ways of transporting information to a certain point. if it is an act of terrorism, might be able to get more information as the laws change, but you cannot change them completely. they are directly transported to the patient. brian: one of the questions going on now is police surveillance in public places. would that help? michel: it would. it would not solve the problem, but it would help.
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if you have video cameras, the software they can realize faces from people -- brian: i'm having a hard time now with how did amri managed to escape and evade the police for four days, 1600 kilometers? how does that happen? michel: the first place where he took somebody in custody, who was not a suspect. one of the witnesses said this was the person, it is not the person. it happens in daily business, but they concentrate all the forces on other christmas markets, run a lit -- relevant spots to measure there is not another attack happened, that means we cannot really cover up spots like railway stations, bus stations, everything you need. europe is open. you can travel --
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brian: are your resources to short here in germany? michel: definitely. the shortage is there for 10 years. we suffered the losses from cutting down the police officers and support. brian: the government has wanted to add more police officers? michel: i think so, getting higher and higher in supplies with the equipment and polices. brian: thank you, so very much. perhaps nowhere in germany is the discussion about security more intense than in berlin. christmas markets every opened. berlin is trying to recapture the christmas spirit. it is also displaying another reaction as well. defiance. reporter: together we stand.
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that is berlin's message to the world. noted against -- united against terrorism and hate. he iconic brandenburg gate was a venue for a memorial concert for the victims. security could hardly have been tighter, even after the prime suspects his death was confirmed. -- suspect's death was confirmed. >> without italy's police, security forces and judicial authorities are owed immense gratitude for their cooperation in this case. in particular, i wish the policeman wounded in the shoot out a fast and complete recovery. but given the ongoing for a -- ongoing threat of terrorism, we must protect citizens. in these times of tremendous challenges, we are doing everything we can to ensure our
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state remains a strong state, our democracy, the rule of law, values, humanity, diametrically opposed to the hate filled world of terrorism, and they will commit stronger than terrorism. reporter: visitors at the reopened christmas market in the breitscheidplatz wanted to send that signal too. the market is not playing the usual music are putting on flashy displays, but news of his death did bring some relief. >> of course he is only one of many, but still a relief to know he is not re-anymore. -- free anymore. >> it would have been better to take him alive. it would have been dangerous. it is a relief to know he is not around anymore. >> i am a bit relieved the
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sadness is still there. what i see here weighs more heavily right now. reporter: remembering the 12 dead in monday's attack means it will not be a normal christmas in berlin. brian: there have also been a number of high-level talks today to discuss that, we are joined by our chief political correspondent linda crane. we understand angela merkel has spoken to her tunisian counterpart today on the phone, making it clear for government wants to speed up deportations of failed tunisian asylum-seekers. does she have the leverage to get that done? linda: they were listening last march when the interior minister of north germany -- of germany traveled to north africa and apparently they agreed that such deportations would occur in a much more expeditious and efficient manner than they had
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before that. in addition, germany has a security agreement with tunisia whereby it provides tunisia with material, support for training security to -- and also for supporting the administration of complicated matters like repatriation. both of those reasons, germany does feel it has leverage to demand tunisia now deliver on its promise to get such repatriation cases processed more quickly. the fact is there were two attempts to deport him from italy and germany. both failed because he was lacking the proper papers and passport. tunisia did deliver papers for him, but too late, this week. brian: that will be part of the -- the investigation expanding this week. angela merkel is ordering a comprehensive investigation.
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what can we expect? linda: over 100 officials are working on reconstructing this case exactly to find out where were their gaps? how is it that omri was under -- amri was under surveillance, but then it ended? he was ordered to stay in west riding was malia -- rhine westphalia? people that did not carry out mandates effectively enough. are the rules and laws in place in up to prevent people who are known to be a danger from carrying out a crime or to ensure that they are deported where they need to be? the interior minister invited us he has proposed a draft law that would allow such people as amri to be detained for longer and more quickly, but that is
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stalled now because the junior coalition partner has not agreed to let it go forward. all of that will be subject for discussion. brian: thank you very much. let's recap the story for you now. investigators in germany are focusing on your questions about the berlin attack. the main suspect anis amri embarked on an odyssey through europe after committing an act of terror in the german capital. he is believed to have crossed into france after the attack and then into italy, despite the international manhunt. he was stopped by police and died in a shootout in the line. -- in milan. italian officials did not know before that. un security council puts an end to israeli settlements. the jewish state is outraged, washington standing aside. is that u.s.-israeli ice age?
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we have more after a short break.
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brian: this is dw news live from berlin. our top story, the suspect of the truck attack in berlin died. the jihadist news agency has released video of anis amri making a statement. he was killed at a police id check in milan early on friday. well, to a real diplomatic shocker at the new united nations, the u.s. has abstained from a'key vote on israels settlement building -- abstained
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from a key vote on israel's settlement building in palestine. this demanded an immediate halt to the construction on palestinian territory. they adopted it without a u.s. veto. israeli officials have asked the u.s. president-elect donald trump to intervene. he has signaled he will be much more accommodating to israeli interests than barack obama. a surprising development, let's bring in richard walker in washington for us. richard, the u.s. has always vetoed anti-israel resolutions at the u.n. why did it not do so this time around? richard: that is right, there has been that tradition in the past, and the obama administration has kept that up. so when they came back in 2011,
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at that time the obama administration did wield the veto, and part of its reasoning and argument at the time was that it wanted the two sides, the palestinians and the israelis, to have the space to take part in negotiations. during the course of the administration, they have been very sad to get a peace process moving, but it has really come to nothing. during that time, relations between the white house and benjamin netanyahu had his government have deteriorated successfully over the years. what we are seeing now is essentially, perhaps the last chance for the obama administration to strike a diplomatic note about where it sees the outlook between the israelis and the palestinians, to register its extremely well-known displeasure at settlement buildings, something
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that has been very public about over the years. and to stress a sense of continuity in u.s. policy, in fact, samantha power began her statement at this vote, reading a quote from ronald reagan from back in 1982 or he talks about the problems, the settlement building. still, this is for all of the continuity, this is really a big break in the diplomatic tradition of recent decades. brian: no question. israel saw it coming, didn't it, and it appealed to donald trump for support. he took some moves to stop the vote, but did not go off the way he wanted it to. how is that being viewed in washington? richard: that is right, it has been a bit of a roller coaster for a couple of days in
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diplomatic terms and also dragging with politics in the u.s. and the truck -- the tribe administration is really about helping israel. they stumbled in diplomacy saying the united states needs to veto this resolution. word was getting around that it looked like the administration was minded not to veto. now it has not gone trump's way in the end, but it does look like a lastgasp of the obama administration. i think the israelis also have been indicating they are looking forward to a different thing from donald trump after january 20 when he is president. brian: richard walker following this story, thank you very much. egypt has resorted to some drastic moves to fix it stalled
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economy. daniel is following that at the business desk. daniel: these moves along time coming. egyptians are suffering as the economy wanes. high inflation, high unemployment, combined with low oil revenue and financial mismanagement. food prices rocket, the government has spent tax revenue on go deals -- on grandiose projects. this goes cap in hand with the international monetary fund, getting told billion-dollar bailout. the program for tourism is trying to drum up business from abroad. reporter: the economic crisis is especially difficult for egypt's poor. some items are no longer available, some to be unaffordable. egypt imports far more foods than it exports. the value of the egyptian pound has tumbled, making goods even more expensive.
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that is why poverty is on the rise. lack of confidence in the economy triggered a sharp drop from the pound. investors are staying away, so our tourists. this is vital like the pyramid, but they are nearly empty. a few days ago, the southern city of luxor hosted a bold and festival to help fight declining tourism. this event is to help tell the world about tourism in luxor and shows everything is safe. but egypt remains a hard sell for terrorists -- tourists. unemployment will remain high, especially among young people, and that could lead to renewed unrest. daniel: we are going to dig deeper into this topic. the journalist based in hollywood joining us now in berlin. how bad is this situation for the average person? >> it is really bad.
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the situation in egypt is really tough for at least 20% of the population were below the poverty rate or line. this number is expected to be higher than what it is, around 15 million to 20 million people. egypt counts very much on imports from oil to wheat to medicine. the situation with the prices of foreign currency is really critical, as we saw in the report, the amounts of goods and critical things that are not anymore available is really high. and things that are available like medicine or things like that, when they are absent, it is rare prices, and high prices, the average cannot afford them. this is another critical situation. so the press is really hard.
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the price is continuing to be defined weighted. daniel: we got this loan from the imf, $12 billion. we don't expect that to make everything better overnight, but it must be helping a little bit? >> not so far. egypt received $1 billion in december, and we expected the prices to maybe stabilize a little bit, the value of the egyptian pound would stabilize, but this did not happen. the dollar is continuing to increase. and the local currency is evaluating still. we are receiving a second billion like now, but would this solve the situation? daniel: who was to blame for all of this. all cc can be blamed for this, but he did not create all of the problems. >> the egyptian economy has been
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running for years, things like corruption, things like the following tourism that we mentioned is also to blame, but there has been some critically wrong lyrical resistance as well as direct foreign currency flows into projects or to put them in a certain direction, they did not really yield much expected. so some of the blame will fall on the government and definitely previous governments as well. daniel: do we have any reasons to be optimistic? >> i think so, because it is harder than ever, and this is reason to be optimistic. the government must work on it. daniel: thank you for following that. that wraps up your business news for now. we go back over to brian. brian: thank you for that, daniel. we have sports news. the international olympic committee has opened
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disciplinary proceedings against 28 russian athletes after they provided manipulated urine samples. the idea that the state was involved has been rejected by the vladimir putin. >> vladimir putin has not changed his tone on the doping scandal. he made that clear at his end of the year conference. he refuses to accept it was an institutional conspiracy. >> a state-sponsored doping system has ever been created in russia. it is simply not possible, and we will do everything to make sure such a system of doping support never exists. reporter: 20 athletes could face a band from the intellectual -- the international olympic committee after giving bad urine samples in 2014. over 1000 russian athletes were involved in concealing positive drug tests, they say. putin has promised to work with the anti-doping agency.
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this can restore faith in the games. brian: the top suspect in the berlin truck attack apparently pledged allegiance to the islamic state before he died. the jihadist new service has released a video of anis amri making that allegiance. he was killed in milan early on friday. coming up at the top of the hour, we are talking about security in germany after the berlin attacks. stay with us, if you can. we will be right back. ♪ [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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